Original Research

Source identification, spatial distribution and ozone formation potential of benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, and xylene (BTEX) emissions in Zarand, an industrial city of southeastern Ira


Introduction: Benzene, Toluene, Ethylbenzene, and Xylene (BTEX) as the ozone precursors have been classified as the hazardous air pollutants because of their negative effects on humans. This article presents the results of the first assessment of source identification, spatial distribution and BTEX's OzoneForming Potential (OFP) in Zarand.
Materials and methods: The current study was conducted at 30 geographically separated locations, in Zarand, Kerman, southeastern Iran, during the summer and winter of 2020. BTEX samples were collected using passive samplers and then analyzed using Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry (GC-MS). Spatial variations were surveyed using the Kriging method in GIS.
Results: Total BTEX levels (79.26±26.87 µg/m3) during the summer were greater than their levels in the winter (37.38±29.18 µg/m3). The ranking of BTEX level in all samples followed as: toluene>m,pxylene>oxylene>ethylbenzene>benzene. The overall OFP of 374.79±135.08 µg/m3
in the summer and 172.61±148.81 µg/min the winter were more than 100 µg/mas recommended guideline defined by World Health Organization (WHO), with toluene having the highest potential.
Conclusion: According to the results of the present study, BTEX relative abundances in all samples were toluene>m,p-xylene>oxylene>ethylbenzene>benzene. Despite of concerns among inhabitants and
workers, benzene concentration was lower than other studied species. Control measures such as management of fuel use in motor vehicles and industries and development of green space must be adopted to attenuate the level of toluene in the atmosphere in the studied area.

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IssueVol 7 No 3 (2022): Summer 2022 QRcode
SectionOriginal Research
DOI https://doi.org/10.18502/japh.v7i3.10537
Benzene; Toluene; Ethylbenzene; Xylene; Ozone formation potential; Volatile organic compounds; Zarand city

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How to Cite
Malakootian M, Maleki S, Rajabi S, Hasanzadeh F, Nasiri A, Mohammdi A, Faraji M. Source identification, spatial distribution and ozone formation potential of benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, and xylene (BTEX) emissions in Zarand, an industrial city of southeastern Ira. JAPH. 2022;7(3):217-232.