Original Research

Quantification of mortality and morbidity in general population of heavily-industrialized city of Abadan: Effect of long-term exposure


Introduction: In the 21st century, air pollution has become a global and environmental
challenge. The increase in cases of illness and mortality due to air
pollution is not hidden from anyone. Therefore, in this study, we estimated the
mortality rate due to cause by air pollution agents (PM2.5) in the southernmost
city of Khuzestan province (Abadan city) at 2018-2019.

Materials and methods: To estimate the mortality duo to air pollution, data
related to PM2.5 particles daily concentrations was received from the Abadan
Environmental Protection Organization. The average 24-h concentrations of
PM2.5 were calculated using Excel. Then, mortality data were obtained from
the Vice Chancellor for Health, Abadan University of Medical Sciences. Finally,
by AirQ+ software, each of the mortality in 2018-2019 in Abadan was

Results: The obtained data indicated that the concentration of PM2.5 particles
within the one-year period was higher than the value set by WHO guideline
and EPA standard. Which caused the citizens of Abadan to be exposed to
PM2.5 more than 8.23 times than the guidelines of the WHO and 5.34 times
more than the standard of the EPA. The output of the model used in this study
was as follows: natural mortality (462 cases, AP: 38.25%), mortality duo to
LC (6 cases, AP: 32.18%), mortality duo to COPD (8 cases, AP: 26.64%),
mortality duo to Stroke (86 cases, AP: 71.26%), mortality duo to IHD (183
cases, AP: 68.34%) and mortality duo to ALRI (2 cases, AP: 32.9%).

Conclusion: Planning appropriate strategies of air pollution control to reduce
exposure and attributable mortalities is important and necessary

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IssueVol 5 No 3 (2020): Summer 2020 QRcode
SectionOriginal Research
DOI https://doi.org/10.18502/japh.v5i3.5390
Air pollution; AirQ ; Burden of disease; Long-term; PM2.5

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How to Cite
Fanaei F, Ghorbanian A, Shahsavani A, Jonidi Jafari A, Abdolahnejad A, Kermani M, Fanaei F. Quantification of mortality and morbidity in general population of heavily-industrialized city of Abadan: Effect of long-term exposure. japh. 5(3):171-180.