EVALUATION OF VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUNDS EMISSION FROM GASOLINE STORAGE TANKS IN ISFAHAN METROPOLITAN
Introduction: Nowadays, air pollution has become one of the problems of human society. In order to control air pollution, it is essential to know the sources of pollutants and rate of pollutants emission. Although various studies have been done to determine the airborne emission in Isfahan metropolitan, no studies have yet been conducted on the emission of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) from gasoline storage tanks in this city. Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine the rate of VOCs emission from gasoline storage tanks in Isfahan metropolitan and to model dispersion of VOCs in the atmosphere of this city.
Materials and methods: The TANKS model was used to determine the emission rate of VOCs. Input data for the TANKS model was provided through the Isfahan Oil Refining & Distribution Company. The AERMOD model was also used to model VOCs distribution. The basic information required by the AERMOD model was also collected through relevant organizations such as the Islamic Republic of Iran Meteorological Organization and Iran National Cartographic Center.
Results: The research showed that there are 21 large gasoline storage tanks in Isfahan metropolitan. The gasoline storage tanks emit 494839 tons of VOCs into the atmosphere annually. The amount of VOCs emitted from the 21 gasoline storage tanks was estimated as much as 154618081 g / year. The results showed that 99.9 % of VOCs emitted through the pipe connections in the gasoline storage tanks into the atmosphere.
Conclusions: The results showed that gasoline storage tanks of Isfahan metropolitan are responsible for about 0.001 % of the VOCs emission in this metropolitan.
Paoli L, Winkler A, Guttová A, Sagnotti L, Grassi A, Lackovičová A, et al. Magnetic properties and element
concentrations in lichens exposed to airborne pollutants released during cement production. Environmental Science and Pollution Research. 2017;24(13):12063-80.  Talaiekhozani A, Eskandari Z, Yosefi M, Dehkordi AA, Talaei MR. Preparing the emission inventory of air pollutants from Isfahan’s waste in 2016. Journal of Air Pollution and Health. 2017;2(1).  Sharma N, Agarwal AK, Eastwood P, Gupta T, Singh AP. Introduction to Air Pollution and Its Control. Air Pollution and Control: Springer; 2018. p. 3-7.  NIHDHHS. Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs). 23 Aug 2017 ed. USA: National Institutes of Health Department of Health & Human Services (NIHDHHS); 2017.  Amini H, Yunesian M, Hosseini V, Schindler C, Henderson SB, Künzli N. A systematic review of land use regression models for volatile organic compounds. Atmospheric environment. 2017.  Ren Y, Qu Z, Du Y, Xu R, Ma D, Yang G, et al. Air quality and health effects of biogenic volatile organic compounds emissions from urban green spaces and the mitigation strategies. Environmental Pollution. 2017;230:849-61.  Talaiekhozani A, Nematzadeh S, Eskandari Z, Aleebrahim Dehkordi A, Rezania S. Gaseous emissions of landfill and modeling of their dispersion in the atmosphere of Shahrekord, Iran. Urban Climate. 2018; 24:852 – 62.  Del Rosario Cappellari L, Chiappero J, Santoro MV, Giordano W, Banchio E. Inducing phenolic production and volatile organic compounds emission by inoculating Mentha piperita with plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria. Scientia horticulturae. 2017;220:193-8.  Abeleira A, Pollack I, Sive B, Zhou Y, Fischer E, Farmer D. Source characterization of volatile organic compounds in the Colorado Northern Front Range Metropolitan Area during spring and summer 2015. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres. 2017;122(6):3595-613.  Talaiekhozani A, Ghaffarpassand O, Talaei MR, Neshat N, Eydivandi B. Evaluation of emission inventory of air pollutants from railroad and air transportation in Isfahan metropolitan in 2016. Journal of Air Pollution and Health. 2017;2(1).  Gresner P, Swiercz R, Wasowicz W, Gromadzinska J. Faster health deterioration among nail technicians occupationally exposed to low levels of volatile organic compounds. International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health. 2017;30(3):469.  Kampeerawipakorn O, Navasumrit P, Settachan D, Promvijit J, Hunsonti P, Parnlob V, et al. Health risk evaluation in a population exposed to chemical releases from a petrochemical complex in Thailand. Environmental Research. 2017;152:207-13.  Frasch HF, Barbero AM. In vitro human skin permeation of benzene in gasoline: Effects of concentration, multiple dosing and skin preparation. Journal of Exposure Science and Environmental Epidemiology. 2018; 28(2):193.  Ferrero A, Esplugues A, Estarlich M, Llop S, Cases A, Mantilla E, et al. Infants› indoor and outdoor residential exposure to benzene and respiratory health in a Spanish cohort. Environmental Pollution. 2017;222:486-94.  Kumar A, Dixit S, Varadarajan C, Vijayan A, Masuraha A. Evaluation of the AERMOD dispersion model as a function of atmospheric stability for an urban area. Environmental Progress . 2006;25(2):141-51.  Turner DB. Workbook of atmospheric dispersion estimates: an introduction to dispersion modeling: CRC press; 1994.  EPA U. USER’S GUIDE to TANKS. In: Emission Factor and Inventory Group Emissions M, and Analysis Division Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA), editor. USA: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency; 1999.  Hendler A, Nunn J, Lundeen J, McKaskle R. VOC emissions from oil and condensate storage tanks. Houston Advanced Research Center. 2009. Ghiaseddin M. Air Pollution, Sources, Impacts and Control. Tehran: Tehran University Medical of Sciences; 2015.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.