Investigating the effect of vegetation on the absorption of carbon dioxide (Case study: Yadavaran oil field)
Introduction: One of the most important environmental issues related to the energy sector is the global climate change caused by the accumulation of greenhouse gases. Increasing the concentration of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere causes global warming, which has dangerous consequences. This research was conducted to investigate the effect of vegetation on the amount of carbon dioxide emissions in the Yadavaran oil field in 2017.
Materials and methods: In this research, information was collected and parameters were measured in 5 stations (Contractor Services Camp, Water Supply, Permanent camp, Green space and Pioneer camp) with 3 replications. Regarding the administrative and operational hours, measuring the parameters of research was carried out during the working hours of the day in spring and June 2017. In this study, the amount of temperature, velocity and wind direction of the dominant region, moisture content, oxygen content, green space and vegetation, buildings and barriers, and the distances and closeness of the emission sources and altitudes from the ground surface were taken.
Results: According to the results obtained in areas with vegetation and trees, at the pioneer camp and the water supply camp with increasing temperature, the amount of carbon dioxide has also increased. In the campus, the service contractor and the green area of the region with a decrease in temperature, carbon monoxide in the air was also downtrend.
Conclusion: The temperature and humidity did not affect the concentration of oxygen in the air, and it was the same in the five study areas.
2. Stephenson T, Valle JE, Riera-Palou X. Modeling the relative GHG emissions of conventional and shale gas production. Environmental Science and Technology. 2011; 45(24): 10757–10764.
3. Williams I, Kemp S, Coello J, Turner DA, Wright LA. A beginner’s guide to carbon foot printing. Carbon Management. 2012; 3(1): 55–67.
4. Hussain M, Malik RN, Taylor A. Carbon footprint as an environmental sustainability indicator for the particleboard produced in Pakistan. Environmental Research. 2017; 155: 385-393.
5. Lin B, Tan R. China's CO2 emissions of a critical sector: Evidence from energy intensive industries. Journal of Cleaner Production. 2017; 142 (4): 4270-4281.
6. Sarker T, Corradetti R, Zahan M. Energy Sources and Carbon Emissions in the Iron and Steel Industry Sector in South Asia. International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy. 2013; 3(1): 30-42.
7. Lin B, Lei X. Carbon emissions reduction in China’s food industry. Energy Policy. 2015; 86: 483-492.
8. Lin B, Ahmad I. Analysis of energy related carbon dioxide emission and reduction potential in Pakistan. Journal of Cleaner Production. 2017; 143: 278-287.
9. Keeling CD, Whorf TP, Walhen M, Van der Plichtt J. Inter annual extremes in the rate of rise of atmospheric carbon dioxide since 1980. Nature. 1995; 375(6533):666–670.
10. Allen JG, Mac Naughton P, Satish U, Santanam S, Vallarino J, Spengler JD. Associations of Cognitive Function
Scores with Carbon Dioxide, Ventilation, and Volatile Organic Compound Exposures in Office Workers: A
Controlled Exposure Study of Green and Conventional Office Environments. Environmental Health Perspectives. 2015; 124 (6): 805-812.
11. USEPA (US Environmental Protection Agency). Code of Federal Regulations, Title 40, Part 60, Appendix A, Method 3A: Determination of oxygen and carbon dioxide concentrations in emissions from stationary sources
(instrumental analyzer procedure), Washington, DC. 1990.
12. Rao MN, Rao HVN. Air Pollution. Tata McGraw-Hill Publishing Co. Ltd., New Delhi. 1989.
13. Gokhale KH. Air Pollution Sampling and Analysis. Department of Civil Engineering Indian Institute of Technology
Guwahati Guwahati – 781039, Assam, India. 2009.44P.
14. Chen B, Chen GQ, Yang ZF, Jiang MM. Ecological footprint accounting for energy and resource in China. Energy Policy. 2007; 35(3): 1599–1609.
15. Mac Donald G, Patterson M. Ecological Footprints and interdependencies of New Zealand regions. Ecological Economics. 2004; 50(1-2): 49-67.
16. Sharma SC, Roy RK. Green belt-an effective means of mitigating industrial pollution. Indian Journal of Environmental
Protection. 1997; 17(10): 724-727.
17. Shannigrahi AS, Sharma RC, Fukushima T. Air Pollution Control by Optimal green belt development for Victoria Memorial Monument, Kolkata (India). International Journal of Environmental Studies. 2003; 60(3):241-249.
18. Mohammadi A, Rafiee SH, Jafari A, Keyhani A, Mousavi-Avval SH, Nonhebel, S. Energy use efficiency
and greenhouse gas emissions of farming systems in north Iran. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 2014; 30: 724-733.
19. Ntinas GK, Neumair M, Tsadilas CD, Meyer J. Carbon footprint and cumulative energy demand of greenhouse
and open-field tomato cultivation systems under Southern and Central European climatic conditions, Journal of Cleaner Production. 2017; 142 (4): 3617-3626.
20. Rapport DJ. EcologicalFootprints and Ecosystem Health: Complementary Approaches to aSustainable Future. Ecological Economics. 2000; 32(3):367–370.
21. Stajnko D, Narodoslawsky M, Lakota M. Ecological Footprints and CO2 Emissions of Tomato Production in Slovenia. Polish Journal of Environmental Studies. 2016; 25(3): 1233-1243.
22. Suplee C. Untangling the science of climate. National Geographic, May 1998 44-67. Supply and Services Canada 1992. The Final Report of the Royal Commission on National Passenger Transportation. 1998.
23. Winiwarter W, Rypdal K. Assessing the uncertainty associated with national greenhouse gas emission inventories:
a case study for Austria. Atmospheric Environment. 2001; 35(32): 5425–5440.
24. Yousefi M, Mahdavi Damghani A, Khoramivafa M. Energy consumption, greenhouse gas emissions and assessment of sustainability index in corn agroecosystems of Iran. Science of the Total Environment. 2014; 493: 330-335.
25. Omri A. CO2 emissions, energy consumption and economic growth nexus in MENA countries: Evidence
from simultaneous equations models. Energy Economics. 2013; 40: 657-664.
26. Guais A, Brand G, Jacquot L, Karrer M, Dukan S, Grevillot G, Jo Molina T, et al. Toxicity of Carbon Dioxide: A Review. Chemical Research in Toxicology. 2011; 24(12): 2061-2070.
27. Bertoni G, Ciuchini C, Tappa R. Measurement of longterm average carbon dioxide concentrations using diffusion sampling. Atmos. Environ passive. 2004; 38(11): 1625–1630.
28. Mantyka-Pringle CS, Visconti P, Di Marco M, Martin TG, Rondinini C, Rhodes JR. Climate change modifies risk of global biodiversity loss due to land-cover change. Biological Conservation. 2015; 187: 103-111.