Concentration modeling of hydrocarbons, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide and nitrogen oxides emitted from cigarette consumption in atmosphere of Isfahan, Iran

  • Amirreza Talaiekhozani Department of Civil Engineering, Jami Institute of Technology, Isfahan, Iran http://orcid.org/0000-0002-4323-1154
  • Ali Mohammad Amani Applied Nanobiophotonics Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran AND Department of Medical Nanotechnology, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
  • Zeinab Eskandari Department of Chemical Engineering, Jami Institute of Technology, Isfahan, Iran
  • Reza Sanaye Department of Proteomics, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
Keywords: Cigarette consumption, Air pollutants modeling, Emission rate, Hydrocarbons, Nitrogen oxides

Abstract

Introduction: Although many studies on Isfahan’s air pollution have been done, there is no report about the effects of cigarette consumption in Isfahan. The aims of this study were (a) to find the amount of nitrogen oxides, hydrocarbons, carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide emitted by cigarette consumption in Isfahan; and (b) to model the distribution of such pollutants in Isfahan’s atmosphere.

Materials and methods: Based on the literature, it is assumed that 15% of Isfahan’s people consume cigarettes and each smoker on average smokes 1,147 cigarettes per year. Based on these assumptions, the 249,000 smokers living in Isfahan consume 285,000,000 cigarettes per year. The amount of pollutant emissions was calculated by existing emission factors for cigarette consumption. Finally, the distribution of the emitted pollutants from cigarette consumption in Isfahan’s atmosphere was modeled using AERMOD.

Results: The results illustrated that each year, 2.85 kg nitrogen oxides, 2.85 kg hydrocarbons, 37.05 kg carbon monoxide and 142.5 kg carbon dioxide are emitted into Isfahan’s atmosphere from residents’ smoking. The modeling of pollutants’ dispersion in Isfahan’s atmosphere showed that only some of these pollutants result from cigarette consumption.

Conclusion: This study demonstrated that the amount of pollutants emitted by cigarette consumption was negligible compared to the other pollutant sources in Isfahan.

Author Biography

Amirreza Talaiekhozani, Department of Civil Engineering, Jami Institute of Technology, Isfahan, Iran

Amirreza Talaiekhozani was born in Tehran, Iran, on May 07, 1980. After several months the family moved to Shiraz, another city of Iran, where he began his schooling. In 1998 Amirreza continued his education at Islamic Azad University Branch of Firozabad, Iran in the field of Environmental Health to achieve associate degree. After obtaining associate degree in 2000, he was accepted as bachelor student in the field of environmental health at Jondishapour University of Medical Sciences in Ahvāz one of the cities of Iran and graduated in 2002. Two years later he continued his education as student in Master of Science at Islamic Azad University Branch of Sciences and research located in Ahvāz in field of environmental engineering. In 2008, he got his master degree. Due to his deep interest in teaching and research, he got position as academic staff in the department of civil and environmental engineering at Jami Institute of Technology located in Isfahan another city of Iran. After 3 years of working in this institute Amirreza finally moved to Malaysia to obtain his PhD degree at Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM) in the field of civil engineering in September 2011. Now, he is working and doing research in the field of environmental engineering at Jami Institute of Technology, Isfahan, Iran. His favorite areas of research are wastewater and air treatment.

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Published
2019-10-07
How to Cite
1.
Talaiekhozani A, Amani AM, Eskandari Z, Sanaye R. Concentration modeling of hydrocarbons, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide and nitrogen oxides emitted from cigarette consumption in atmosphere of Isfahan, Iran. japh. 4(3):163-170.
Section
Original Research