KNOWELEDGE AND ATTITUDE OF UNIVERSITY STUDENTS ABOUT AIR POLLUTION PROBLEM IN TEHRAN, IRAN (2015-2016)

  • Fatemeh Mohammadkhah Students’ Research Committee, School of Public Health, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • Akbar Babaei Heydarabadi Department of Health Education and Health Promotion, School of Public Health, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran
  • Mostafa Hadei Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • Sakineh Rakhshanderou Department of Public Health, School of Public Health, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • Mohammad Hossein Vaziri Department of Public Health, Faculty of Health, Safety and Environment (HSE), Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • Abbas Shahsavani Environmental and Occupational Hazards Control Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran AND Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Public Health, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Keywords: Particulate matter, attitude, perception, concern, behavior

Abstract

Introduction: Understanding public attitudes for planning policies and actions to control air pollution is important. Attitude is partially socially constructed and thus must be studied in each area separately, rather than inferred from other settings. This study was aimed to evaluate the knowledge and attitudes of university students about the air pollution sources and solutions in Tehran.Material and methods: 200 students of Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences (SBMU) during 2015 - 2016 years were selected by random sampling. The questionnaires were used to collect data consisted of four parts: demographic information, knowledge, attitude, and solutions for reducing air pollution.Results: Most of the participants were 18 - 22 years old, male, single, studying in bachelor degree, and from Tehran. Significant correlations were found between attitude on one side and age, gender, marital status, and education level on the other side. The most approved solutions for air pollution by students were improvement of the quality of fuel (84.7%) and vehicles (79.7%), and development of green space (76.2%).Conclusions: Educational programs must be designed to raise the level of public attitude about air pollution. Citizens should be a part of any solution for environmental problems.

References

Global Burden of Disease (GBD). Global, regional, and

national age-sex specific all-cause and cause-specific

mortality for 240 causes of death, 1990-2013: a systematic

analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study

Lancet. 2015;385(9963):117-71.

WHO. Seven million premature deaths annually linked

to air pollution. Geneva, World Health Organization;

Cesaroni G, Badaloni C, Gariazzo C, Stafoggia M,

Sozzi R, Davoli M, et al. Long-term exposure to urban

air pollution and mortality in a cohort of more than

a million adults in Rome. Environ Health Perspect.

;121(3):324-31.

Carey IM, Atkinson RW, Kent AJ, van Staa T, Cook DG,

Anderson HR. Mortality associations with long-term

exposure to outdoor air pollution in a national English

cohort. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2013;187(11):1226-

Raaschou-Nielsen O, Andersen ZJ, Beelen R, Samoli

E, Stafoggia M, Weinmayr G, et al. Air pollution and

lung cancer incidence in 17 European cohorts: prospective

analyses from the European Study of Cohorts for

Air Pollution Effects (ESCAPE). The Lancet Oncology.

;14(9):813-22.

Chen G, Song G, Jiang L, Zhang Y, Zhao N, Chen B,

et al. Short-term effects of ambient gaseous pollutants

and particulate matter on daily mortality in Shanghai,

China. J Occup Health. 2008;50(1):41-7.

Naddafi K, Atafar Z, Faraji M, Ghanbarian M, Rezaei

S, Ghozikali MG, et al. Health effects of airborne particulate

matters (PM10) during dust storm and non-dust

storm condition in Tehran. Journal of Air Pollution and

Health. 2017;1(4):259-68.

Dimitriou A, Christidou V. Pupils’ understanding of air

pollution. J Biol Educ. 2007;42(1):24-9.

WHO. Ambient (outdoor) air pollution in cities database.

Geneva, World Health Organization; 2014.

Wang R, Yang Y, Chen R, Kan H, Wu J, Wang K, et

al. Knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAP) of the relationship

between air pollution and children’s respiratory

health in Shanghai, China. Int J Environ Res Public

Health. 2015;12(2):1834-48.

Hadei M, Hashemi Nazari SS, Yarahmadi M, Kermani

M, Farhadi M, Shahsavani A. Estimation of Gender-

Specific Lung Cancer Deaths due to Exposure to PM2.5

in 10 Cities of Iran During 2013 - 2016: A Modeling

Approach. International Journal of Cancer Management.

;In Press(In Press):e10235.

Hadei M, Nazari SSH, Yarahmadi E, Kermani M,

Yarahmadi M, Naghdali Z, et al. Estimation of lung cancer

mortality attributed to long-term exposure to (PM2.5)

in Iranian cities during 2015-2016; an AirQ+ modeling.

Journal of Air Pollution and Health. 2017;2(1).

Kermani M, Arfaeinia H, Nabizadeh R, Alimohammadi

M, Aalamolhoda A. Levels of PM2.5-associated

heavy metals in the ambient air of Sina hospital district,

Tehran, Iran. Journal of Air pollution and Health.

;1(1):1-6.

Shahbazi HB, Mahdi; Afshin, Hossein; Hosseini, Vahid.

Tehran’s air pollution emission inventory for the

year 2013- Volume II: mobile sources [In Persian]. Tehran,

Iran: Tehran Air Quality Control Company; 2015.

Report No.: QM/94/04/03/(U)/02.

Ahadi SR, Mohsen; Tadari, Maryam; Torbatian, Sara;.

Annual report on the ambient air quality of Tehran,

-2016 (1394). Tehran Air Quality Control Company

(TAQCC), Tehran, Iran; 2016. Contract No.:

QM94/02/01(U)/1.

Moghaddam VK, Changani F, Mohammadi A, Hadei

M, Ashabi R, Majd LE, et al. Sustainable development

of water resources based on wastewater reuse and upgrading

of treatment plants: a review in the Middle East.

Desalination and Water Treatment. 2017;65:463-73.

Sowlat MH, Naddafi K, Yunesian M, Jackson PL,

Shahsavani A. Source apportionment of total suspended

particulates in an arid area in southwestern Iran using

positive matrix factorization. Bull Environ Contam

Toxicol. 2012;88(5):735-40.

Sowlat MH, Naddafi K, Yunesian M, Jackson PL, Lotfi

S, Shahsavani A. PM10 source apportionment in Ahvaz,

Iran, using positive matrix factorization. CLEAN–

Soil, Air, Water. 2013;41(12):1143-51.

Shahsavani A, Yarahmadi M, Hadei M, Sowlat MH,

Naddafi K. Elemental and carbonaceous characterization

of TSP and PM10 during Middle Eastern dust

(MED) storms in Ahvaz, Southwestern Iran. Environ

Monit Assess. 2017;189(9):462.

Sudarmadi S, Suzuki S, Kawada T, Netti H, Soemantri

S, Tugaswati AT. A survey of perception, knowledge,

awareness, and attitude in regard to environmenta problems in a sample of two different social groups

in Jakarta, Indonesia. Environ Dev Sustainability.

;3(2):169-83.

Boyes E, Myers G, Skamp K, Stanisstreet M, Yeung

S. Air quality: A comparison of students’ conceptions

and attitudes across the continents. Compare.

;37(4):425-45.

Skamp K, Boyes E, Stanisstreet M. Students’ ideas and

attitudes about air quality. Research in Science Education.

;34(3):313-42.

Hadei M, Hopke PK, Nazari SSH, Yarahmadi M,

Shahsavani A, Alipour MR. Estimation of Mortality

and Hospital Admissions Attributed to Criteria Air Pollutants

in Tehran Metropolis, Iran (2013–2016). Aerosol

Air Qual Res. 2017;17:2474-81.

Xu J, Chi CS, Zhu K. Concern or apathy: the attitude

of the public toward urban air pollution. J Risk Res.

;20(4):482-98.

Department of Environment (DOE). Actions and

programs of the National Center for Air and Climate

Change [In Persian]. Deopartment of Environment

(DOE); 2017.

Yazdanparast T, Salehpour S, Masjedi MR, Azin SA,

Seyedmehdi SM, Boyes E, et al. Air pollution: the

knowledge and ideas of students in Tehran-Iran, and

a comparison with other countries. Acta Med Iran.

;51(7):487.

Raygan Shirazi AP, Saadat; Mari Aryad, Hossein;.

Investigating the knowledge of people in Yasuj about

environmental health in 2001. 4th national confrence

of Environmental Health (In Persian)2001.

Alireza Mesdaghinia MY, Simin Naseri, Ali Jafari,

Ali Moradi, Farahnaz Farahdoust, Leila Yaghoubi. Investigating

the awareness of Tehran’s residents about

environmental pollution and health effects, and determining

their information sources (In Persian). Yafteh.

;9(1):3-13.

Johnston R, Hay J. Spatial variations in awareness of

air pollution distributions. Int J Environ Stud. 1974;6(2-

:131-6.

Bhatia MG, Bhatia MM. A Study of Environmental

Awareness among Post-Graduate Students of Distt Yamuna

Nagar, Haryana. 2013.

Eagly AH, Chaiken S. The advantages of an inclusive

definition of attitude. Soc Cogn. 2007;25(5):582-602.

Published
2017-12-24
How to Cite
1.
Mohammadkhah F, Babaei Heydarabadi A, Hadei M, Rakhshanderou S, Vaziri MH, Shahsavani A. KNOWELEDGE AND ATTITUDE OF UNIVERSITY STUDENTS ABOUT AIR POLLUTION PROBLEM IN TEHRAN, IRAN (2015-2016). japh. 2(2):81-86.
Section
Original Research