Journal of Air Pollution and Health 2017. 2(1):.

PREPARING THE EMISSION INVENTORY OF AIR POLLUTANTS FROM ISFAHAN’S WASTE IN 2016
Amirreza Talaiekhozani, Zeynab Eskandari, Monireh Yosefi, Amin Aleebrahim Dehkordi, Mohammad Reza Talaei

Abstract


Introduction: Waste sources include municipal solid waste and municipal wastewater, as well as the air pollutants produced by human and animal digestion. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the level of air pollutants resulting from these waste sources.

 

Materials and methods: In order to conduct this study, emission factors defined by the European Environment Agency were used. First, the type and quantity of the municipal solid waste produced in Isfahan were studied. Next, the amount of municipal solid waste recycling and compost were determined. Then, using related emission factors, emission inventories of PM2.5 and PM10 from municipal solid waste landfill, and ammonia from composting processes were determined. In the subsequent step, the volume from the municipal wastewater treatment facilities of Isfahan and selected nearby cities was specified, and by using the emission coefficient, the total emission of VOCs was determined. By specifying city population and predicting the population for the next 10 years, ammonia from human digestion was estimated.

 

Results: The results showed that annually, 20391 g of VOCs are produced by municipal wastewater treatment facilities in the Isfahan metropolitan area. In addition, it was specified that 675980 kg PM10 and 319740 kg PM2.5 were emitted into the air from Isfahan’s Gardane Zinal landfill each year. Annual amounts of carbon monoxide and ammonia produced by composting are estimated at 11191 and 13189 tons, respectively.

 

Conclusions: Investigating the contributions of various sources of pollutants in metropolitan Isfahan may lead to a suitable context in which the share of different sources of pollutants is understood, and therefore, air pollution management will be possible.


Keywords


Volatile organic compounds; suspended particles; ammonia; landfill; compost

Full Text:

PDF

References


Omrani G. Solid Wate. Tehran: Islamic Azad University

Publisher; 2016.

Jonidi A, Talaiekhozani A. Solid Waste Management.

Tehran, Iran: Ebadifar publication; 2010.

. Adams M. EMEP EEA air pollutant emission inventory

guidebook 2016 Introduction. Denmark: European

Environment Agency; 2016.

Metcalf, Eddy, Burton FL, Stensel HD, Tchobanoglous

G. Wastewater engineering: treatment and reuse. USA:

McGraw Hill; 2003.

Talaiekhozani A, Bagheri M, Goli A, Khoozani MRT.

An overview of principles of odor production, emission,

and control methods in wastewater collection and

treatment systems. J Environ Manage. 2016;170:186-

Bell J, Melcer H, Monteith H, Osinga I, Steel P. Stripping

of volatile organic compounds at full-scale municipal

wastewater treatment plants. Water Environ Res.

;65(6):708-16.

Macfarlane G, Gibson G, Cummings J. Comparison of

fermentation reactions in different regions of the human

colon. J Appl Bacteriol. 1992;72(1):57-64.

NYDH. The Facts About Ammonia. In: Health Do, editor.

New York, USA: New York State; 2005.

Ghiaseddin M. Air Pollution, Sources, Impacts and

Control. Tehran: Tehran University Medical of Sciences;

Talaiekhozani A, Bagheri M, Najafabadi NR, Borna

E. Effect of nearly one hundred percent of municipal

solid waste recycling in najafabad city on improving

of its air quality. Journal of Air Pollution and Health.

;1(2):111-22.

Leson G, Winer AM. Biofiltration: an innovative air

pollution control technology for VOC emissions. J Air

Waste Manage Assoc. 1991;41(8):1045-54.

Fulazzaky MA, Talaiekhozani A, Ponraj M, Abd Majid M, Hadibarata T, Goli A. Biofiltration process as

an ideal approach to remove pollutants from polluted

air. Desalination and Water Treatment. 2014;52(19-

:3600-15.

Fulazzaky MA, Talaiekhozani A, Hadibarata T. Calculation

of optimal gas retention time using a logarithmic

equation applied to a bio-trickling filter reactor for

formaldehyde removal from synthetic contaminated air.

RSC Advances. 2013;3(15):5100-7.

Fulazzaky MA, Talaiekhozani A, Majid MZA, Ponraj

M, Goli A. Evaluation of gas retention time effects on

the bio-trickling filter reactor performance for treating

air contaminated with formaldehyde. RSC Advances.

;3(38):17462-8.

Guieysse B, Hort C, Platel V, Munoz R, Ondarts M,

Revah S. Biological treatment of indoor air for VOC

removal: Potential and challenges. Biotechnol Adv.

;26(5):398-410.

. Gibson L. Mesosilica materials and organic pollutant

adsorption: part A removal from air. Chem Soc Rev.

;43(15):5163-72.

Zou L, Luo Y, Hooper M, Hu E. Removal of VOCs

by photocatalysis process using adsorption enhanced

TiO2–SiO2 catalyst. Chemical Engineering and Processing:

Process Intensification. 2006;45(11):959-64.

Khan FI, Ghoshal AK. Removal of volatile organic

compounds from polluted air. J Loss Prev Process Indust.

;13(6):527-45.

Wu B-Z, Feng T-Z, Sree U, Chiu K-H, Lo J-G. Sampling

and analysis of volatile organics emitted from wastewater

treatment plant and drain system of an industrial science

park. Anal Chim Acta. 2006;576(1):100-11.

OSHA. Occupational safety and health guideline for

ammonia USA: National Institution for Occupational

Safety and Health; 1992 [updated 1992; cited 2017

June 2017]. Available from: https://www.cdc.gov/

niosh/docs/81-123/pdfs/0028-rev.pdf.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 Unported License which allows users to read, copy, distribute and make derivative works for non-commercial purposes from the material, as long as the author of the original work is cited properly.